Predicción de flujo multifásico en sistemas de recolección de crudo: descripción de requerimientos

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Gustavo Andrés Valle Tamayo Felipe Romero Consuegra Manuel Enrique Cabarcas Simancas

Resumen

Durante los últimos 60 años numerosos autores se han dedicado al estudio del comportamiento de flujo multifásico en tuberías. En la literatura existe un extenso número de correlaciones y modelos para la predicción y evaluación de gradientes de presión, patrones de flujo, holdup de líquido, y propiedades del fluido. El cálculo fiable de escenarios a partir de un modelo detallado y riguroso, garantiza el éxito de la operación. La toma de decisiones sin un conocimiento previo de los diversos modelos involucrados en la predicción del comportamiento de flujo, ocasiona estimaciones inadecuadas, y gastos innecesarios en recurso humano y de cómputo. Esto ocurre en muchas ocasiones debido a la falta de conocimiento de los parámetros que afectan los modelos hidráulicos, y a la inexistencia de una metodología que modele estos perfiles; con el fin de posteriormente poder predecir su comportamiento de forma acertada. En este trabajo se presenta una revisión de los métodos más relevantes en la industria del petróleo para caracterizar el flujo multifásico. Además, se propone una metodología general para el uso apropiado de los diversos simuladores en estado estable que existen comercialmente.


Palabras Clave: Aseguramiento de Flujo, Flujo Multifásico, Estado Estable.

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VALLE TAMAYO, Gustavo Andrés; ROMERO CONSUEGRA, Felipe; CABARCAS SIMANCAS, Manuel Enrique. Predicción de flujo multifásico en sistemas de recolección de crudo: descripción de requerimientos. REVISTA FUENTES, [S.l.], v. 15, n. 1, p. 87-99, jul. 2017. ISSN 2145-8502. Disponible en: <http://revistas.uis.edu.co/index.php/revistafuentes/article/view/6505>. Fecha de acceso: 21 oct. 2017 doi: https://doi.org/10.18273/revfue.v15n1-2017008.
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