Bromine number prediction for Colombian naphthas using near-infrared spectroscopy and chemometric methods
Thirty-eight naphtha samples were used to develop a chemometric method to predict bromine number. All samples were characterized by Fourier transform near infrared spectroscopy (FT-NIR), and their spectra were correlated by similarity using principal component analysis (PCA). The models for bromine number determination (BN) were established by Partial Least Squares regression (PLS) and Multiple Polynomial Regression (MPR). PCA allowed classifying the samples into the light and heavy, determining the most significant spectral variables. These variables are located in the regions between 4000-4800 and 5200-6350cm-1. The results determined by combining FT-NIR spectroscopy and chemometrics were very close to those obtained by standardized methods. This approach may be an alternative for analysis of BN, which requires sample turnarounds lower than five minutes and lower cost compared to traditional methods.