Biomasa residual pecuaria: revisión sobre la digestión anaerobia como método de producción de energía y otros subproductos

  • David Leonardo Parra Ortiz Suministros eléctricos y soluciones tecnológicas S.A.S. - SOLTEC-ING
  • Mónica Andrea Botero-Londoño Universidad Industrial de Santander
  • Julián Mauricio Botero-Londoño Universidad Industrial de Santander

Resumen

El biogás producido por la digestión anaerobia de residuos pecuarios es una solución para la sustitución de la biomasa tradicional usada en iluminación y calor. Su uso presenta ventajas como: la mejora en la productividad de las fincas, reducción del impacto ambiental y rompimiento de la dependencia a los combustibles fósiles y agroquímicos. Sin embargo, aún se tiene poca difusión en las zonas rurales de Colombia, principalmente por el desconocimiento de las potencialidades y beneficios. Por tal motivo, la presente revisión propone brindar una perspectiva de la digestión anaerobia desde los aspectos técnicos más relevantes, la importancia del sustrato y los tipos de biodigestores de bajo costo más comunes. Se concluye que es necesario mejorar las técnicas para hacerlas más asequibles y planear programas de financiación que permitan la expansión plena de la tecnología a pequeña y mediana escala.

Palabras clave: Biogás, digestato, digestión anaerobia

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Publicado
2019-01-01