Vol. 35 Núm. 1 (2022): Revista ION
Artículos

Evaluación físico-química de compositos madera-plástico para el diseño de productos

Ana Jessica Morales Rivera Morales Rivera
Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez
Santos Adriana Martel-Estrada
Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez
Imelda Olivas Armendáriz
Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez
Fátima Aguilar Cera
Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez

Publicado 2022-06-21

Palabras clave

  • Residuos de madera,
  • Álamo,
  • Policaprolactona,
  • Compositos madera-plástico,
  • Microscopía electrónica,
  • Espectroscopía de infrarrojo
  • ...Más
    Menos

Cómo citar

Morales Rivera, A. J. M. R., Martel-Estrada, S. A., Olivas Armendáriz, I. ., & Aguilar Cera, F. . (2022). Evaluación físico-química de compositos madera-plástico para el diseño de productos. Revista ION, 35(1), 7–16. https://doi.org/10.18273/revion.v35n1-2022001

Resumen

Los residuos de madera son tratados comúnmente como desecho y existe un problema para su disposición. Actualmente, las fibras son utilizadas para producir papel, material de construcción y bioplásticos; aunque han sido desarrollados previamente materiales compuestos madera-plástico, no hay reportes de uno con matriz de policaprolactona. Durante la investigación se desarrollaron materiales compuestos policaprolactona-harina de madera de álamo que fueron caracterizados por medio de microscopía electrónica de barrido, espectroscopía infrarrojo por transformada de Fourier, biodegradación, prueba de captación de agua, propiedades mecánicas de flexión a tres puntos y barrido de temperatura. Las imágenes de microscopía electrónica de barrido mostraron materiales compuestos con uniformidad en la matriz, la espectroscopía evidenció interacción del grupo carbonilo de la policaprolactona y el enlace de estiramiento O-C-O con los grupos OH de la madera. Los materiales compuestos son resistentes a la degradación hidrolítica aún bajo los efectos de los rayos UV. De acuerdo con los resultados, se obtuvo un material apropiado para su uso en diseño de productos, por lo que finalmente fue generada una propuesta de diseño del mismo.

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