Sistemas geotérmicos mejorados: revisión y análisis de casos de estudio

Resumen

En este artículo se hace una revisión bibliográfica de las características de los EGS, fuentes de energía limpia que prometen ser una alternativa para enfrentar los problemas relacionados con el calentamiento global ocasionados por el uso de combustibles fósiles como el petróleo y el gas natural. Actualmente en Colombia los sistemas geotérmicos de interés son de tipo hidrotermal, por lo que no hay EGS planificados aún, sin embargo, este artículo pretende ser una introducción para el lector interesado en los EGS y ser referencia a futuros proyectos desarrollados en el territorio nacional, describiendo los lugares del mundo más significativos donde se ha hecho uso de esta técnica, junto con su percepción social e impactos asociados. Además, busca analizar las diferencias entre la estimulación hidráulica en los EGS y el fracking utilizado para la extracción de gas de esquisto.

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Publicado
2020-01-22
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Artículos de revisión