Análisis de procedencia del registro sin-orogénico Maastrichtiano de la Formación Cimarrona, flanco occidental de la Cordillera Oriental colombiana

Resumen

El registro clástico Maastrichtiano de la Formación Cimarrona en el flanco occidental de la Cordillera Oriental colombiana documenta la erosión de una topografía generada al occidente y asociada con el inicio de la orogenia Andina durante el Cretácico Superior-Paleoceno, la cual suministró los sedimentos que se acumularon en ambientes continentales a transicionales. Los análisis de procedencia sedimentaria (conteo de clastos de conglomerados, petrografía, minerales pesados y geocronología detrítica U-Pb) en conjunto con los datos de paleocorrientes previamente publicados permiten reconstruir la historia del área fuente al occidente. Los circones detríticos con edades principalmente del Cretácico Superior, incluyendo un máximo de acumulación de ~66 Ma, así como edades más limitadas del Pérmico (276 Ma), Triásico (246 Ma) y Jurásico (153 Ma), sugieren que la sedimentación estuvo asociada a un vulcanismo contemporáneo y a la erosión de rocas sedimentarias y cristalinas más antiguas. El alto contenido de cuarzo de las areniscas, junto con la asociación de líticos sugiere que el área de aporte incluía rocas sedimentarias clásticas, rocas metamórficas de bajo a muy bajo grado y rocas volcánicas félsicas a intermedias. El área de aporte consistía en coberturas volcano-sedimentarias Cretácicas suprayaciendo rocas del Jurásico y Permo-Triásico afín con los dominios litológicos y geocronológicos de la Cordillera Central. El carácter discontinuo del registro clástico grueso de la Formación Cimarrona sugiere que las áreas fuente eran bloques levantados discontinuos con valles intermedios, que probablemente se extendían hacia el este y ahora están enterrados debajo del relleno de la cuenca del Valle del Magdalena. El segmento de la Cordillera Central más compatible con estas características estaría al norte de la cuenca, apoyando la hipótesis de desplazamiento de rumbo post-Maastrichtiano de las áreas fuente al occidente.

Palabras clave: Análisis de procedencia, Formación Cimarrona, Cordillera Oriental, Maastrichtiano, Orogenia Andina

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Biografía del autor

Juan Camilo Valencia-Gómez, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Departamento de Geociencias y Medio Ambiente, Grupo de Investigación en Geología y Geofísica, Medellín, Colombia

Agustín Cardona, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Grupo de Investigación en Geología y Geofísica, Departamento de Procesos y Energía, Medellín, Colombia

Victor Valencia, Washington State University

School of the Environment, Pullman

Sebastián Zapata, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Department of Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, USA

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Publicado
2020-09-30
Sección
Artículos científicos