Nuevas tecnologías de recobro químico y su aplicabilidad en yacimientos colombianos

  • Claudia Lorena Delgadillo-Aya Ecopetrol, Instituto Colombiano del Petróleo
  • C Espinosa Universidad Industrial de Santander
  • V Díaz Universidad Industrial de Santander
  • M Ruiz Universidad Industrial de Santander
  • E Marique Ecopetrol, Instituto Colombiano del Petróleo

Resumen

En la última década se ha avanzado en la implementación de procesos de recobro químico en Colombia, incluyendo pilotos de inyección de geles obturantes para conformance químico, geles de dispersión coloidal, polímeros, álcali y surfactantes. Estos procesos han sido de marcada relevancia tanto para la promesa de incrementar el factor de recobro de los campos colombianos, como para revisar campos en sus planes de abandono mediante la aplicación de nuevas tecnologías. No obstante, estudios experimentales a condiciones de yacimiento han evidenciado que existen limitaciones para la aplicación de estas tecnologías principalmente en lo referente a: calidad del agua de inyección, salinidad del agua de formación, temperatura, entre otras; esto dificulta establecer la viabilidad técnica y/o económica de su implementación en activos con alto potencial de reservas y posibles escenarios de expansión.

Por lo anterior y debido a la necesidad de incrementar las reservas de crudo, contribuyendo al entendimiento y desarrollo del recobro mejorado de hidrocarburos en el país, este artículo presenta una revisión de las limitaciones de las tecnologías de recobro químico convencionales, las oportunidades de las nuevas tendencias que permiten superar limitaciones técnicas y operacionales; además, de una estimación del potencial de las tecnologías emergentes evaluadas en el contexto nacional. Para esto, mediante la comparación de las ventanas operacionales de las tecnologías con las propiedades petrofísicas de los campos colombianos, fue posible establecer el potencial de incremento de reservas por efecto de la aplicación de nuevas tecnologías.

 Adicionalmente, se identificaron las necesidades en el diseño e instalación de nuevas facilidades para el tratamiento, almacenamiento e inyección de los químicos y sus costos asociados; teniendo como premisa que la aplicación de una nueva tecnología de recobro en este caso está condicionada a una viabilidad técnico-económica que permita aprovechar las facilidades existentes en campo optimizando en los posibles CAPEX (del inglés Capital Expenditures) asociados a los proyectos.

Palabras clave: Recobro mejorado, procesos químicos, nuevas tecnologías, parámetros de screening, ventanas de operación

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Biografía del autor/a

Claudia Lorena Delgadillo-Aya, Ecopetrol, Instituto Colombiano del Petróleo

Numerical modeling on in-situ combustion process in the Chichimene field: ignition stage. Revista Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ISSN 0920-4105. Elsevier, 2017 Polymer flooding to improve volumetric sweep efficiency in waterflooding processes. Revista Ciencia, Tecnología y Futuro ISSN 1225-5383. Volumen 6 – 3, 2016 Software Tool for the Study, Analysis and Evaluation of Enhanced Oil Recovery Processes. Trinidad & Tobago Energy Resources Conference . SPE International. Trinidad y Tobago, Junio 6-9 de 2014 A Methodology for Screening and Ranking of Reservoirs for Light Oil Air Injection Implementation. Trinidad & Tobago Energy Resources Conference. SPE International Trinidad y Tobago, Junio 6-9 de 2014

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Publicado
2020-12-09