Evaluación y experiencias en el control de conificación en pozos con alto corte de agua en yacimientos con empuje hidráulico

  • L. Ramos Miembro SPE, Consultor Independiente, Bogotá, Colombia
  • A. Marin Miembro SPE, Consultor Independiente y Soporte Técnico Externo SNF SA, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Resumen

La producción de petróleo con alta relación agua-petróleo (RAP) en yacimientos con fuerte empuje de agua de fondo, generalmente se manifiesta en los pozos productores de petróleo y gas como un mecanismo de conificación. Principalmente, el avance del contacto agua-petróleo (CAP) se mueve hacia los intervalos abiertos a producción en el tope de la arena productora. Este tipo de mecanismo o problema es difícil de diagnosticar y corregir. Un diagnóstico limitado y desconocimiento de la ventana de aplicación de tecnologías para mitigar dicho mecanismo, han demostrado ser un factor importante de la baja tasa de éxito para solucionar dicho problema. En este artículo se presentan ciertas consideraciones o criterios con base a la experticia de los autores, para el adecuado diagnóstico del mecanismo de conificación de agua, así como, se revisan y sugieren las soluciones químicas, mecánicas e híbridas más prospectivas, a la fecha.

Palabras clave: RAP (relación agua petróleo), conificación de agua, CAP (contacto agua petróleo), tecnologías control de agua, acuíferos activos.

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Publicado
2018-12-17