Estrategias pedagógicas para mejorar la enseñanza del diseño de máquinas en un programa de tecnología mecánica

  • Carlos Romero-Piedrahita Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira
  • Libardo Vanegas-Useche Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira
  • Miguel Díaz-Rodríguez Universidad de los Andes

Resumen

El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar un método reformado de la práctica docente del curso de Diseño de Máquinas ofrecido en el Programa de Tecnología Mecánica de la Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira. El curso combina los conceptos de selección racional de materiales y la teoría de resistencia de materiales con los procedimientos seguidos para definir las geometrías y dimensiones de los elementos clásicos presentados en maquinaria y sistemas mecánicos. Se utilizan el aprendizaje activo, actividades prácticas, sesiones de laboratorio, ejemplos prácticos, proyectos y recursos tecnológicos y virtuales como medios para lograr de manera efectiva los resultados del aprendizaje. Un objetivo importante es integrar los cálculos de resistencia y rigidez con el proceso de diseño de ingeniería, que incluye el diseño conceptual, creatividad, trabajo en equipo, optimización, diseño detallado y documentación. El uso de herramientas tecnológicas, proyectos menores y principales, junto con actividades prácticas en el laboratorio, se supone que mejora el proceso de enseñanza y ayuda a los estudiantes a adquirir las competencias deseadas.

Palabras clave: aprendizaje activo, currículo, diseño de máquinas, educación en ingeniería

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Publicado
2019-03-22

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