Métodos para el análisis de actores en el contexto de spin-off universitarias

  • Freddy Alexander Argüello-Sierra Universidad Industrial de Santander
  • Diego Armando Sandoval-Rivera Universidad Industrial de Santander
  • Ángela María Castro Universidad Industrial de Santander http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6291-2799
  • Hugo Ernesto Martínez Universidad Industrial de Santander http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6893-0819

Resumen

Las spin-off universitarias son consideradas como un importante mecanismo de transferencia de tecnología, que permiten crear valor a partir de los conocimientos generados en las universidades, incentivando la investigación de calidad y la cooperación de las universidades con diferentes actores. Este artículo establece una tipología de métodos para el análisis de actores a partir de una categorización de los métodos existentes en la literatura, como una herramienta que contribuya a la formulación de estrategias para la gestión de actores involucrados en la creación de Spin-off universitarias. Para el desarrollo de la investigación, se recopilaron y codificaron múltiples modelos que existen en la literatura científica, posteriormente se cruzan estos métodos con las fases de creación de las spin-off, teniendo en cuenta las actividades clave que deben realizar los emprendedores para superar cada una de las coyunturas críticas que se presentan, con el fin de gestionar a los actores para anticiparse a las oportunidades y problemas durante la creación de la Spin-off.

Palabras clave: actor, análisis de actores, gestión estratégica, método, spin-off

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Publicado
2020-03-10