Análisis comparativo de las propiedades mecánicas de geopolímeros que incorporan nanowhiskers de SiC y nanopartículas de TiO2

  • Madeleing Taborda-Barraza Universidad Federal de Santa Catarina
  • Nagilla Huerb de Azevedo Universidad Federal de Santa Catarina
  • Philippe Jean Paul Gleize Universidad Federal de Santa Catarina
  • Natalia Prieto Universidad Industrial de Santander

Resumen

Un geopolímero a base de metacaolin fue fabricado con 5 proporciones de dos nanomateriales diferentes. Por un lado, nanowhiskers de carburo de silicio y, por otro lado, nanopartículas de dióxido de titanio. Ambos fueron colocados en agua y recibieron energía ultrasónica para ser dispersados. Fueron analizadas los efectos sobre las propiedades mecánicas y la cinética de reacción. Comparados con la matriz de referencia, los resultados evidenciaron una tendencia al incremento de la resistencia a la flexión. Probablemente por la geometría de los nanowhiskers de SiC y el refinamiento de poros por las partículas de nano-TiO2. Las curvas de calorimetría mostraron que al incorporar nanopartículas de TiO2 se obtuvo una reducción del 92 % en el calor total, mientras que, los nanowhiskers de SiC produjeron una reducción del 25 % en el calor total.

Palabras clave: geopolímeros, nanomateriales, resistencia mecánica

Citas

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Publicado
2020-01-03

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