Sistema de logística inversa para el desarrollo sostenible de un astillero

  • Martín Darío Arango-Serna Universidad Nacional de Colombia http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8448-8231
  • Jairo Alberto Valencia-Salazar Escuela Naval de Cadetes Almirante Padilla
  • Silvana Ruiz-Moreno Universidad de San Buenaventura

Resumen

Con el advenimiento de mercados globalizados donde aumentan los desperdicios derivados de procesos productivos y ante la evidente necesidad de adoptar medidas que disminuyan los impactos negativos asociados a su disposición final, la formulación de sistemas de logística inversa a medida de las empresas que permitan realizar una disposición responsable de los residuos maximizando la obtención de valor de estos ha sido objeto de estudio en los últimos años. El objetivo de este artículo es proponer un Sistema de Logística Inversa para un astillero que se enfoque en los residuos derivados de las operaciones de mantenimiento realizadas a embarcaciones bajo un enfoque sostenible. La metodología se basó en un análisis de la literatura científica en términos de logística inversa y sostenibilidad, al igual que la caracterización de los procesos en las instalaciones del astillero, desarrollando estrategias que soporten la implementación del sistema propuesto e indicadores que controlen su futura implementación.

Palabras clave: cadena de suministro, disposición de residuos, logística inversa, residuos navales, sostenibilidad

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Publicado
2020-03-19