Vol. 23 Núm. 1 (2024): Revista UIS Ingenierías
Artículos

Materiales, métodos y normativa para refuerzos de material compuesto en reparación de tuberías y equipos a presión

Juan Leon Becerra
Universidad de Investigación y Desarrollo
Cristian Hernandez-Salazar
Aplika Control Corrosión SAS
Fernando Corzo-Álvarez
Corporación para la investigación en corrosión CIC

Publicado 2024-03-13

Palabras clave

  • materiales compuestos,
  • reparación,
  • rehabilitación,
  • tuberías,
  • elementos finitos

Cómo citar

Leon Becerra, J., Hernandez-Salazar, C., & Corzo-Álvarez , F. . (2024). Materiales, métodos y normativa para refuerzos de material compuesto en reparación de tuberías y equipos a presión. Revista UIS Ingenierías, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.18273/revuin.v23n1-2024006

Resumen

Debido a su alta resistencia a la corrosión, la fatiga y el bajo peso específico, los materiales compuestos se han desarrollado como una buena alternativa para reemplazar los materiales tradicionales. Se utilizan en el transporte de fluidos, en la rehabilitación y reparación de sistemas a presión en operación y son relativamente fáciles de usar en el sector industrial. Este trabajo muestra el estado del arte en los sistemas de reparación que utilizan reforzamiento de materiales compuestos. Primero, clasifica los sistemas, mostrando los sistemas que están disponibles en el mercado y los compara en términos de sus propiedades mecánicas y procesos de aplicación. En un segundo momento, se presentan y comparan las normas de diseño ASME PCC2 e ISO 24817. Finalmente, se muestran las técnicas experimentales y de simulación utilizadas para su estudio. El trabajo concluye mostrando las posibilidades futuras y desafíos que enfrentan los sistemas de reparación de compuestos en su adopción.

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