Evaluación de las características de un residuo de la industria del vidrio para encapsular materiales peligrosos

  • Maira Alejandra Narváez-Legarda Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • Luisa Fernanda Mosquera-Idrobo Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • Janneth Torres-Agredo Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Resumen

Actualmente, existe una gran problemática ambiental por la generación de residuos sólidos, muchos de éstos se clasifican como peligrosos; por lo cual han surgido múltiples tecnologías para su tratamiento, entre las que se destaca la vitrificación. Esta tecnología permite incorporar los elementos peligrosos de un residuo dentro de una matriz vítrea; por lo tanto, se requiere de un agente vitrificante o formador de vidrio (sílice, SiO2). El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar las características químicas y físicas de un residuo de arena, con el fin de emplearlo como agente vitrificante. El residuo de arena del presente estudio, proviene de una industria de vidrio colombiana y su generación es de 120 toneladas mensuales. Se realizó la caracterización del residuo en cuanto al tamaño de partícula, densidad, morfología, composición química y mineralógica. Finalmente, se concluye que el residuo tiene características de agente vitrificante; además, presenta un gran potencial para ser aprovechado en diferentes aplicaciones.

Palabras clave: aprovechamiento, residuo de arena, residuos industriales, vitrificación, encapsulación

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Biografía del autor/a

Luisa Fernanda Mosquera-Idrobo, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

 

 

Citas

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Publicado
2020-03-09

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