Caracterización mineralógica de la cerámica prehispánica de la región de La Mesa de Los Santos, Colombia

Resumen

La aplicación de la mineralogía en arqueología ha venido creciendo en interés en particular con relación a establecer la procedencia de las arcillas utilizadas en la elaboración de artefactos cerámicos antiguos. La mineralogía no mostró una relación clara con los colores expresados por el sistema cerámico definidos por los arqueólogos; es decir, independiente del color del engobe, cada grupo tiene los mismos componentes mineralógicos. Se seleccionaron catorce piezas de alfarería prehispánica de la región de la Mesa de Los Santos (Colombia) para la caracterización mineralógica por difracción de rayos X, microscopía electrónica de barrido y espectroscopia infrarroja de transformada de Fourier. El objetivo del trabajo fue contribuir al conocimiento de la tecnología de producción y dilucidar una posible procedencia regional de estas cerámicas. Las fases mineralógicas observadas fueron plagioclasa, cuarzo, feldespato potásico, minerales de arcilla, micas, minerales de carbonato y óxidos de hierro. Las temperaturas de cocción están en los rangos 600-800°C para casi todas las muestras analizadas.

Palabras clave: Piezas, cerámicas, mineralogía, temperaturas de cocción, región de la Mesa de Los Santos

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Biografía del autor

Karina Andrea Portilla-Mendoza, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Escuela de Geología, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Diego Armando Pinzón-Núñez, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Escuela de Geología, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Leonardo Moreno-González, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Escuela de Historia, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Ricardo Mier-Umaña, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Escuela de Geología, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Carlos Alberto Ríos-Reyes, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Escuela de Geología, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Jose Antonio Henao-Martínez, Universidad Industrial de Santander

Escuela de Química, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

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Publicado
2019-05-30