Estrategias de intervención en la UCI neonatal: un enfoque fisioterapéutico

  • Laura Valentina López Rodríguez Universidad del Rosario

Resumen

El fisioterapeuta a lo largo de su profesión ha ampliado el espectro de intervenciones y escenarios de desempeño, siendo uno de los más recientes el abordaje en la unidad de cuidado intensivo neonatal. Recientemente se han reportado en la literatura diferentes estrategias de intervención con el objetivo de lograr un desarrollo adecuado del neonato, tales como masaje, estimulación kinestésica, educación en
el programa madre canguro, y maniobras de tórax. El objetivo del artículo fue revisar la información actual proveniente de la evidencia científica disponible sobre estas diferentes estrategias de intervención aplicadas en la unidad de cuidado intensivo neonatal, por lo que se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de los artículos encontrados entre febrero y agosto del 2019 en las bases de datos PUBMED y SCOPUS. Se obtuvieron 40 artículos que cumplieron los criterios de selección y que se incluyeron en la revisión. Finalmente, se concluye que estas estrategias de intervención fisioterapéutica contribuyen al logro de un desarrollo integral adecuado en el neonato. MÉD.UIS.2021;34(1): 63-72 

Palabras clave: Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal, Masaje, Método madre canguro, Estimulación Física, Terapia Respiratoria, Maniobras de tórax, Desarrollo neuromotor

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Publicado
2021-06-01
Sección
Revisión de tema