Controlador no-lineal para sistemas de almacenamiento con voltaje de salida regulado y derivada de corriente segura para la batería

Resumen

Este artículo propone una estructura de control no-lineal para un sistema de almacenamiento híbrido con una arquitectura en serie, en la cual se regula la tensión de un bus DC (voltaje de salida) y asegura que la corriente de la batería cumpla con la restricción de velocidad de cambio en la corriente. La solución propuesta tiene dos etapas, en la primera se conecta una batería a un convertidor buck/boost que alimenta un capacitor auxiliar. En la segunda etapa, el capacitor auxiliar se conecta a un bus de DC a través de un segundo convertidor buck/boost. Ambos convertidores se regulan utilizando sistemas de control en cascada, donde los lazos internos son controladores por modos deslizantes de las corrientes de los inductores, y los lazos externos del primer y el segundo convertidor se diseñan para limitar la velocidad de cambio de la corriente en la batería y regular la tensión en el bus de DC, respectivamente. El artículo proporciona el procedimiento de diseño para los controladores y valida su desempeño con resultados de simulación considerando el sistema de potencia operando en modos de carga, descarga y almacenamiento.

Palabras clave: batería, capacitor, convertidor buck/boos, velocidad de cambio de la corriente, control por modos deslizantes

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Publicado
2020-05-26