Relación del volumen de agua corporal total, el extracelular, y preeclampsia. Revisión narrativa de la literatura

  • Daniel Eduardo Calvo Herrera Corporación Universitaria Remington
  • Dione Benjumea Bedoya Corporación Universitaria Remington

Resumen

La preeclampsia es una importante causa de mortalidad materna mundial, identificar de manera temprana las gestantes con riesgo de desarrollarla, es una medida preventiva de gran impacto. La medición del agua corporal se ha documentado desde 1994, y desde 2015 se demostró su relación con el riesgo de desarrollar preeclampsia. Por lo anterior se realizó una revisión de la relación del agua corporal y la preeclampsia hasta junio de 2019, con 17 artículos seleccionados. Producto de la revisión se concluyó que la medición del agua corporal en gestantes podría detectar la aparición de preeclampsia para establecer un seguimiento estricto temprano a las mujeres con mayor riesgo de presentarla. Estas mediciones se realizan con métodos sencillos, no invasivos y de bajo costo, como la impedancia eléctrica por análisis espectral. Sin embargo, se requieren estudios con mayor rigor metodológico para el estudio de una prueba diagnóstica como la que se propone.

Palabras clave: Mortalidad materna, Indicadores de morbimortalidad, Impedancia Eléctrica, Embarazo, Agua Corporal, Líquido Extracelular, Preeclampsia, Predicción, Prevención

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Publicado
2021-09-28
Sección
Revisión de tema