Efectos deletéreos en el desarrollo de los niños a causa de la exposición temprana a pantallas: revisión de la literatura
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Palabras clave

Niños
Tiempo de pantalla
Desarrollo infantil
Trastornos del neurodesarrollo
Desarrollo del lenguaje
Trastornos del Sueño

Cómo citar

Garavito-Sanabria, P. S., Guerrero-Bautista, P. D., Beltrán-Pérez, R. F., González-Quintero, D. S., & González-Clavijo, A. M. (2022). Efectos deletéreos en el desarrollo de los niños a causa de la exposición temprana a pantallas: revisión de la literatura. Médicas UIS, 35(3), 105–115. https://doi.org/10.18273/revmed.v35n3-2022011

Resumen

Desde la década de los 90 debido al aumento en el consumo de material audiovisual y particularmente desde el inicio del confinamiento por la pandemia de COVID-19, la humanidad ha estado más expuesta al uso de pantallas, siendo los niños una población vulnerable al estímulo ambiental debido a que están atravesando períodos críticos importantes en su desarrollo. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura en PubMed, Google Scholar y Lilacs. Aplicando los criterios de exclusión e inclusión se obtuvieron 53 referencias de las cuales se desarrolló la revisión. Se encontró que la excesiva exposición a pantallas es perjudicial para los niños al producir alteraciones del lenguaje, la sociabilidad, ciclo sueño-vigilia, el sistema límbico, la conducta y el sistema mesolímbico dopaminérgico; los cuales pueden afectar su desarrollo normal, dependiendo principalmente de la edad al momento de la exposición, del tiempo y si hay acompañamiento o no.

https://doi.org/10.18273/revmed.v35n3-2022011
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Referencias

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