Gestación y nacimiento de panendemia
Words are born, compete with each other, and some die, showing the language dynamics and the influence of historical contexts1. During 2020, the meaning of the word pandemic has been discussed and a new meaning has emerged2,3. Traditionally in epidemiology, “pandemic” was used when in a relatively short time, there was a widespread geographical distribution of a disease, including some countries and continents4, which contrasts with the moment when the World Health Organization decided to decree it for the COVID-19 pandemic. In this case, the criteria indicated by the classic epidemiological definition were met several days before the pandemic was declared. Even an intermediate step was to declare Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) understood as: “an extraordinary event which ‘constitute[s] a public health risk to other States through international spread of disease and…potentially require[s] a coordinated international response”5. In this way, potential panic was controlled, and the word pandemic was left for circumstances that require the maximum attention of all States, for a joint response, given its very high potential for disease and death.
2. Green MS. Did the hesitancy in declaring COVID-19 a pandemic reflect a need to redefine the term? Lancet. 2020;395(10229): 1034-1035. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30630-9 PMID: 32178767
3. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. COVID-19, a pandemic or not? Lancet Infect Dis. 2020; 20(4): 383. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30180-8 PMID: 32178762
4. Doshi P. The elusive definition of pandemic influenza. Bull World Health Organ. 2011; 89(7): 532-538. doi: 10.2471/BLT.11.086173 PMID: 21734768
5. Mullen L, Potter C, Gostin LO, Cicero A, Nuzzo JB. An analysis of international health regulations emergency committees and public health emergency of international concern designations. BMJ Glob Health. 2020; 5(6): e002502. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2020-002502 PMID: 32546587
6. Ng M, Fleming T, Robinson M, Thomson B, Graetz N, Margono C, et al. Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. 2014; 384(9945): 766-781. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60460-8 Molyneux DH, Savioli L, Engels D. Neglected tropical diseases: progress towards addressing the chronic pandemic. Lancet. 2017; 389(10066): 312-325. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30171-4 Evans ML, Lindauer M, Farrell ME. A pandemic within a pandemic - Intimate partner violence during Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2020;383(24):2302-4. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp2024046 PMID: 32937063
7. Rothschild BM, Woods RJ. Spondyloarthropathy as an Old World phenomenon. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 1992;21(5):306-16. doi: 10.1016/0049-0172(92)90024-8 PMID: 1604326
8. John TJ. Will coronavirus pandemic eventually evolve as pan-endemic? Current Sci. 2020; 118: 855-856.
9. Singer M, Clair S. Syndemics and public health: reconceptualizing disease in bio-social context. Med Anthropol Q. 2003; 17(4): 423-441. doi: 10.1525/maq.2003.17.4.423 PMID: 14716917
10. Singer M, Bulled N, Ostrach B, Mendenhall E. Syndemics and the biosocial conception of health. Lancet. 2017; 389(10072): 941-950. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30003-X PMID: 28271845
Se autoriza la reproducción total o parcial de la obra para fines educativos, siempre y cuando se cite la fuente.
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Pública Internacional.