Carga de la enfermedad y costos en salud por la exposición a mercurio: revisión de alcance
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Palabras clave

mercurio
exposición
carga global de enfermedades
costos en salud
discapacidad
años de vida ajustados por calidad

Cómo citar

Díaz, S. M., Téllez-Ávila, E. M., Palma Parra, R. M., Zapata-Bravo, E., Briceño-Ayala, L. ., Varona-Uribe, M., Guarín-Téllez, N. E., & Trillos-Peña, C. E. (2022). Carga de la enfermedad y costos en salud por la exposición a mercurio: revisión de alcance. Salud UIS, 54. https://doi.org/10.18273/saluduis.54.e:22021

Resumen

Introducción: el mercurio circula por el aire; persiste en suelos, sedimentos y agua, y causa efectos en la salud humana. Las mujeres en edad fértil y los neonatos son la población más vulnerable. Objetivo: analizar las evidencias sobre la carga de enfermedad ocasionada por la exposición a mercurio, así como el impacto económico sobre el sistema de salud. Metodología: revisión de alcance de la literatura, de las bases de datos PUBMED y EPISTEMONIKOS, búsqueda manual de documentos técnicos de entidades oficiales de diferentes continentes. Resultados: se identificaron 311 registros en bases de datos y 4 en búsqueda manual en entidades oficiales; 19 artículos fueron incluidos. Discusión: predomina la afectación del desarrollo neurológico y cognitivo en niños de madres expuestas y lactantes. Los costos se midieron por la pérdida del coeficiente intelectual. Conclusión: efectos en salud por la exposición a metilmercurio se traducen en gastos para la sociedad y los sistemas de salud.

https://doi.org/10.18273/saluduis.54.e:22021
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Derechos de autor 2022 Sonia Mireya Díaz, Eliana Milena Téllez-Ávila, Ruth Marien Palma Parra, Estefanía Zapata-Bravo, Leonardo Briceño-Ávila, Marcela Varona-Uribe, Natalia Elizabeth Guarín-Téllez, Carlos Enrique Trillos-Peña

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