¿Es la viruela símica la nueva amenaza zoonótica mundial y está Colombia preparada?
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Virus de la Viruela del Simio

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Peña-López, B. O., Rincón-Orozco, B. ., & Velasquez-Martínez, M. C. (2022). ¿Es la viruela símica la nueva amenaza zoonótica mundial y está Colombia preparada?. Salud UIS, 54. https://doi.org/10.18273/saluduis.54.e:22061

Resumen

Mientras la pandemia de COVID-19 continúa haciendo estragos, una nueva infección zoonótica, la viruela símica (Viruela del mono) tiene al mundo en alerta máxima. Hasta el 18 de agosto de 2022, cerca de 94 países de América, Europa, Norte de África, Oriente Medio y Australia habían confirmado casi 40.000 casos de esta enfermedad1. La viruela símica es un organismo cercano a la viruela humana. Esta plaga alcanzó una mortalidad del 30% y en 1980 la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) consideró erradicada esta enfermedad2. Una campaña mundial de vacunación masiva en los años 60 y 70 detuvo la transmisión; hoy en día, la viruela es el único patógeno humano que se ha declarado como erradicado, aunque todavía existen muestras en laboratorios de alta bioseguridad en Rusia y Estados Unidos3,4.

https://doi.org/10.18273/saluduis.54.e:22061
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Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución 4.0.

Derechos de autor 2022 Brigitte Ofelia Peña-López, Bladimiro Rincón-Orozco, María Carolina Velasquez-Martínez

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